How Many Grains of Gunpowder Is There in a Pound? [Mathematically Analyzed]

It must be difficult trying to avoid wasting gunpowder while making your customized ammo. It can be tricky sometimes.

Here’s the thing-

You can try saving those last bits of gunpowder if you can sum up how many grains of powder to use for each round of bullets.

So you might be asking yourself, how many grains of gunpowder is there in a pound?

Well, there are 7000 grains of gunpowder in one pound. No matter what powder you use. You can either divide the weight of one pound in grams by the weight of one grain or use the Volume Measure Density formula to find the answer. You should know the correct measurement because it’s extremely important for the weapon you’re using.

That is not all. To know more about the grains and their calculation to get just the right amount of gunpowder grains into your bullets, head over to our detailed article. 

Bullet Grains- The Fundamentals

A grain is basically a unit for measuring mass. Usually used to measure the weight of bullets in a weapon. Grains are extremely small units. Hence, their weight is almost negligible. As a result, the entire weight of a bullet represents the number of grains written in the body of the bullet. If you want to know how many grains are there in an ounce of powder? To give you an idea, 437.5 grains make up 1 ounce of powder. 

The Measurement of Grains: Know The Units

1 pound of gunpowder contains 7000 grains whether it’s black powder or a smokeless one. Any powder of 1 pound would contain the same number of grains as it’s the basic rule of thumb. It doesn’t matter whether your powder is heavy or light, or of a different type, the weight will be the same which is 1 pound equal to 7000 grains.

Now you might wonder why? Here’s an easy explanation- 

1 pound of powder is equal to 453.592 grams. Whereas 1 grain weighs 0.064 grams. So if we divide 453.592 grams by 0.064 grams, we get 7087.375 grains.

Or you can also measure the number of grains through the Volume Measure Density (VMD) formula-  

For the formula, you need to know exactly how many grains there are in a gram. 1 gram equals 15.432 grains. 

So, the number of grains in 1 pound = 453.592 x 15.432 = 6999.83 grains

Hence, it’s pretty evidently proven by both the methods that 1 pound of gunpowder contains approximately 7000 grains. 

How many grains of gunpowder in a pound

Here are some significant units of bullet grains and their weight-

Unit Of MeasurementNumber Of Grains
1 pound of lead7000
1 gram15.43236
500 grams7716
1 ounce437.5

How Many Bullets Can Be Loaded With 1 Pound Powder? 

So, the number of bullets that come out of 1 pound of gunpowder depends on the size of the bullets and the charge of the powder. As the charge increases, the number of loads per pound decreases. Once you’ve decided on the size of your bullet, you’ll need to know the load of that particular bullet. And finally, make your calculations. 

To know how many bullets, you can make out of 1 pound of gunpowder, you can follow a simple equation-

Divide 7000 by the number of grains per load that your bullet requires. And just like that, you can make your own pistol shotshells. Times like these can really make use of your childhood maths lessons.

Now if you’re making 9mm or 45acp bullets, 1500 rounds can be made with 1 pound of gunpowder. But with the same amount, you can only make 28-30 rounds for a 50 Browning Machine Gun. So, it all depends on the size of your bullets.

Apart from the size, there’s something else impacting the stuffing of gunpowder in a bullet. Without a good gunpowder loader, it’s near to impossible to load the highest number of gunpowder grains in a bullet. 

Here are some more information on the number of rounds a particular bullet can have-

BulletsNumber of rounds
.25acp bullets6359
.223 Remington300
.22 Long Rifle230
.38 Smith & Wesson Special2500

Why Do We Have To Choose The Right Bullet Grains?

Now that you already know that bullet weights vary for different ammo, it’ll be easy for you to grasp the importance of choosing the right grains for each weapon. The number of grains varies for every bullet according to its purpose.

Knowing the number and weight of grains can be crucial in determining the final weight as well. If you’re wondering the weight of 1000 rounds of .233 bullets, grain size can be useful!

The bullet grains here represent the weight of the bullet itself. It can either be heavy or light depending on the purpose of the weapon. A heavier bullet travels slow and covers a short distance but hits with great momentum. This means it has more power when it’s hitting the target. A lighter bullet, on the other hand, travels with great speed but with a flatter trajectory.

You see, the grains here determine the purpose of your bullet. Now let us take a look at the amount of grains in specific kinds of bullet-

Type Of BulletNumber Of Grains Of Gun Powder
22325 grains
9mm Luger147 grains
308 Cartridge45 grain
22 Magnum30-50 Grain
50 Cal Bullet660 Grains
Shotgun Shell150 Grains

Purpose of Larger Grains

For hunting and defense shooting purposes, larger grains work the best. Larger and heavier grains work better for a target as these bullets travel slower with high momentum. 

So you know that the extra weight of the grain is stabilizing the bullet against wind gusts. Hence, if the range is shorter, you have a very good chance of hitting the bullseye. Moreover, heavy grains have a larger expansion and force on the target.

How many grains of gunpowder in a pound

Purpose of Smaller Grains

For long-range gun-shooting, precision shooting, or shooting competitions, smaller grains work better. Projectile plays a major role for these purposes. As the lighter bullets travel a longer distance with great velocity, it’s more likely that they reach the desired target in these situations. Smaller bullets are helpful for improving your shooting accuracy.

Lighter grains call for more recoil but have less powerful impact. Luckily, this makes sure to give you closer groups of downrange. 

But there’s a catch- the smaller grains tend to get blown off course when there’s heavy wind as these are pretty lightweight.

But let me tell you something- 

The size or weight of the grains doesn’t affect range shooting. Range shootings call for the cheapest bullets as these are casual shootings. So the cost here is vital instead of the grains.

From our detailed discussion, you should have a clear idea about the calculation of grains. Whether your question is about how many grains a pound of lead contains or a pound of gunpowder. All of these sums up to being 7000 grains in a pound.


Question: How many grains are there in a pound of smokeless powder?

Answer: There are 7000 grains in a pound of smokeless powder. It doesn’t matter whether the powder is smokeless or not, it’ll always be the same amount of grains.

Question: How many grains of gunpowder in a 9mm bullet?

Answer: There are 4 to 6 grains of double-base smokeless propellant with a fast combustion rate in a 9x19mm pistol cartridge.

Question: What kind of gunpowder is used in bullets?

Answer: Gunpowder can be smokeless or black. The ones used in bullets are made of charcoal, potassium nitrate, and sulfur.

Question: How much does 25 grains gunpowder weigh?

Answer: 25 grains of gunpowder weigh 1.6200 gram. It’s actually 1/7000th of 1 pound. As one pound of gunpowder contains 7000 grains.

Question: How many bullets can you reload with 1lb of powder?

Answer: This depends on the kind of bullet you’re using and the amount of grain it requires. If you’re using a 223, it has a 25-grain load. So, you’d require 7000/25 = 280 rounds out of 1 lb. of powder.


With our easy guide on gunpowder grains, you should have an in-depth idea of it. That was all from our side of the story about how many grains of gunpowder there is in a pound.

Hopefully, this will help you load up the right amount of gunpowder grains into your bullet without missing out on the bits of grains. And also give you a slight overview of the right type of grains to use for different purposes.